Date of Award

Fall 2018

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2018 Scott Ma. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Robert Weinberg


By analyzing the French Colonial Exposition of 1931 through the lens of Bakhtin's concept of carnival, I attempt to give voice to the people who attended the event and show that the new idea of "France" the exposition was intended to present was reinterpreted and misinterpreted by its spectators.