Date of Award

Fall 2019

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2019 Alex Marsh. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Bruce Dorsey


A thorough analysis of publications of the Pequot Times from 1996 to 2001 found creative tribal responses to local white backlash. The responses can be categorized as responding to four narratives of backlash that were repeatedly used in attempts to discredit the Pequots’ success. Each of these narratives have historical precedents in strikingly similar criticisms targeting the African American community: fear of growing regional influence, safety concerns, comparison to other marginalized racial groups, and the questioning of authenticity.