Holocaust, Shoah, Extermination Camp, Treblinka, Sobibór, Majdanek, Historical Memory, Memorialization, Myth


The Nazi extermination camps of Treblinka, Sobibór, and Majdanek, all located in Eastern Europe, are understudied, underdiscussed, and undermemorialized in public and scholarly memory. In this paper, I seek to conduct case studies of these three camps, their histories, and their commemoration efforts. Ultimately, four main factors prevented these camps from achieving the solemn recognizability they deserve and from having their victims’ stories adequately told; little remains of these camps compared to concentration camps in Germany, fewer individuals survived them to emphasize their importance, the Soviet Union possessed near complete control of their study and commemoration, which allowed for them to intentionally neglected by Soviet and Polish authorities due to certain ideological difficulties they epitomized to Soviet narratives of the Second World War.