Correlation Of Ultrasound-Induced Hemolysis With Cavitation Detector Output In Vitro

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Ultrasound In Medicine And Biology


A 20-MHz passive acoustic detector was used to quantify the amount of transient acoustic cavitation occurring in a sample exposed to intense pulsed ultrasound, A dilute suspension of human erythrocytes with and without a microbubble echo-contrast agent was exposed in vitro to 500 W/cm(2) (SPPA) ultrasound of center frequency 1 MHz and tone burst duration 20, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 mu s at a pulse repetition frequency of 20 Hz. Inertial cavitation occurring within the sample, as measured by the temporal average of the detector output, correlated well with hemolysis, suggesting that violent bubble collapse is responsible for cell damage, The result also raises the prospect of cavitation monitoring as a possible predictor of adverse bioeffects when echo-contrast agents are used clinically. (C) 1997 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.

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