Date of Award

Spring 1978

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 1978 Paul Filson. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Robert S. DuPlessis


In this thesis, Filson examines the Peking-Hankow Railway strike through the lenses of the two main accounts, the communist and the western accounts. Drawing from American diplomat reports and the memoirs of a Communist party leader, as well as a variety of secondary sources, Filson analyzes the strike’s relationship to the Chinese labor movement, why it launched the national union movement, and the authority’s response. He argues that the strike wasn’t intended to threaten the immediate political and economic structure of China, but the authorities reacted to the Communist and Nationalist organizers’ long term goals and were able to retaliate.