Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2000 Ross Bowling. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department, German Studies Program

First Advisor

Robert Weinberg


Bowling examines the German Revolution of 1918 and 1919 from the perspective of the public, rather than the typical focus on political events. While Bowling views the politics of the time as obviously revolutionary through its series of governmental transformations, he explores some of how socially and economically revolutionary Germany was through the lens of socialist and communist media, particularly Vorwärts, Freiheit, and Die Rote Fahne. Using these publications, he analyzes the interactions between the socialist MSPD and USPD and the radical left-wing Spartacus Group, as well as their media techniques and their implications for public perception of events.