Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 1990 Alec Urquhart. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Marjorie Murphy


Urquhart analyzes the impact of the Eisenhower administration on the Cold War, concentrating on the administration’s defense policies and reaction to the launching of Sputnik in 1957. Drawing on unclassified and declassified documents from the National Security Archive, personal diaries, and secondary sources, Urquhart concludes that Eisenhower largely failed in his aim to “wage peace.” Although he attempted to promote international arms control and disarmament and prevent the rise of the military-industrial complex, Eisenhower’s policies laid the foundation for the space and arms race and the dramatic escalation of American military spending that would continue for decades to come.