Date of Award

Spring 2021

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

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Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Bruce Dorsey


On June 15, 1920, three young, Black men were lynched by a white mob of ten thousand in Duluth, Minnesota. My thesis seeks to place the lynchings and the process of forgetting and remembering them over the course of a hundred years in their historical contexts. From the white supremacist memories that made the lynchings into a spectacle, to the erasure and silences that dominated the next six decades, to the slow and imperfect memory work of the past forty years, this thesis explores how changing ideologies about race and racism have impacted how Duluthians remember their history of lynching. Drawing on newspaper articles, census records, radio programs, and personal interviews, I trace the memories of the lynchings from 1920 to 2020, interrogating the myth that racial violence does not happen in places like Duluth, Minnesota and the challenges of memory work at the site of a northern lynching.


Co-recipient of the Paul H. Beik Prize in History, awarded in 2021.