Date of Award

Fall 2004

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2004 Lulu Miller. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department


Miller’s thesis looks the attitudes of urban, educated men towards independent women in post-colonial Nigeria c. 1960. These views are found in popular “market literature” pamphlets, which advocated picking elements of traditional Nigerian culture and western influence instead of choosing one culture fully. Miller examines the rise of financial independence for women and the associated writings against “harlots” in the pamphlets as a danger to the stability and order of the newly independent country.


Co-recipient of the Paul H. Beik Prize in History, awarded in 2005.