Date of Award

Spring 1999

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 1999 Jessica L. Harbour. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Lillian M. Li


On December 18, 1905, tensions between foreigners and Chinese locals on the International Settlement of north Shanghai broke out into what later became known as the Mixed Court Riot. Previous scholarship mentions this riot in passing, one of many events leading to the development of Chinese nationalism and the subsequent rebellion of 1911. Through an analysis of government documents and biographical texts, as well as a synthesis of texts on Chinese nationalism and history, Harbour’s thesis questions traditional interpretations of the Mixed Court Riot, linking the riot’s role in creating Chinese nationalism to its local context of Shanghai.


Co-recipient of the Paul H. Beik Prize in History, awarded in 1999.