Date of Award

Fall 2018

Document Type


Terms of Use

© 2018 Anna Livia W. Y. B. Chen. All rights reserved. This work is freely available courtesy of the author. It may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department

First Advisor

Robert Weinberg


This paper argues that the strategic shape of the 1954–1965 classical civil rights movement was neither inevitable nor a simple progression of American values, but was the result of extensive ideological contestation during the pre-classical civil rights movement. Between the inflection points of 1929 and 1948, two ideologies, one rooted in Progressive Era racial stewardship and the other in the Black Radical Tradition, engaged in a Gramscian “war of position” for leadership of their coalition against white supremacy. An important tool in this Pre-Classical War of Position was cultural production.“

Included in

History Commons