Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2013 Kana Matsumoto. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


History Department, Educational Studies Department

First Advisor

Farid Azfar

Second Advisor

Sarah Costelloe


This paper analyzes ijime, one of the major educational issues in Japan, within its historical context during the 1980s and the 1990s. Despite the continuous controversial definition of ijime, a close analysis into government-released reports in relation to the history of post-war education in the Japanese society reveals that historical investigations into ijime add a novel perspective in understanding ijime. Therefore, historical analysis into educational problems is as essential as investigations from sociological and ethnographical fields.