Date of Award

Fall 2016

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2016 Brionna Verse. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Educational Studies Department

First Advisor

K. Ann Renninger


This paper frames the seemingly boundless progress of the City of Chester, Delaware County in the year 1919. It was a crucial year for the river-city, as well as the nation as a whole: 1919 marked the end of the First World War, the first wave of the Great Migration, and the culmination of racially-charged conflict during the infamous "Red Summer". In the midst of unprecedented industrial expansion Chester was left to contend with the lingering question of how to address social unrest in the aftermath of the city's 1917 race riot. This paper will explore the ways in which the community countered racial tension and other social forces that threatened to undermine the future development of Chester's evolving city landscape.