Date of Award

Fall 2022

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

Terms of Use

© 2022 Alexandra Z. Oytan. All rights reserved. Access to this work is restricted to users within the Swarthmore College network and may only be used for non-commercial, educational, and research purposes. Sharing with users outside of the Swarthmore College network is expressly prohibited. For all other uses, including reproduction and distribution, please contact the copyright holder.

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Linguistics Department

First Advisor

Kirby Conrod


In French, the pronominalization of embedded infinite clauses shows notable idiosyncrasies, as the same string of words may be pronominalized as le, y, or en in different sentences. Jones (1991) and Belasco (1978) proposed an explanation by which the pre-verbal à or de may be either a P or a C depending on the matrix verb. By combining their evidence with insights from embedded finite clauses and the expletive ce que construction, I have developed a new proposal in which the pre-verbal C is always present but the P may be deleted, according to a constraint against adjacent P and C in French.