Document Type


Publication Date


Published In

Journal Of Adolescence


We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a 5-month resilience-based program (Girls First Resilience Curriculum or RC) among 2308 rural adolescent girls at 57 government schools in Bihar, India. Local women with at least a 10th grade education served as group facilitators. Girls receiving RC improved more (vs. controls) on emotional resilience, self-efficacy, social-emotional assets, psychological wellbeing, and social wellbeing. Effects were not detected on depression. There was a small, statistically significant negative effect on anxiety (though not likely clinically significant). Results suggest psychosocial assets and wellbeing can be improved for girls in high-poverty, rural schools through a brief school-day program. To our knowledge, this is one of the largest developing country trials of a resilience-based school-day curriculum for adolescents. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


Resilience, Self-Efficacy, Psychological Wellbeing, Social Wellbeing, Adolescent Girls, India, Middle-Income Countries, Mental-Health 2, Childhood Adversities, Gender-Differences, Social Support, Resilience, Interventions, Depression, Disorders, Symptoms

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


This work is freely available courtesy of Elsevier under a Creative Commons License.

Included in

Psychology Commons