Psychonomic Bulletin And Review
It has been suggested that when judging the distance to a desirable object, motivated distortions of perceived distance occur, and that these distortions can be measured by actions, such as throwing a beanbag. The results of two new experiments suggest that reported variations in beanbag performance may instead depend on instructional effects, such as ones that emphasize proximity rather than accuracy. When the goal was to be closest to the target, underthrowing was observed, whether the target was intrinsically valuable or not. When the goal was to hit the target, however, throwing performance was unbiased.
Frank H. Durgin; Dinah Rachel DeWald , '13; Stephanie Maria Lechich , '14; Z. Li; and Zachary Francis Ontiveros , '11.
"Action And Motivation: Measuring Perception Or Strategies?".
Psychonomic Bulletin And Review.