Document Type


Publication Date


Published In

Psychonomic Bulletin And Review


It has been suggested that when judging the distance to a desirable object, motivated distortions of perceived distance occur, and that these distortions can be measured by actions, such as throwing a beanbag. The results of two new experiments suggest that reported variations in beanbag performance may instead depend on instructional effects, such as ones that emphasize proximity rather than accuracy. When the goal was to be closest to the target, underthrowing was observed, whether the target was intrinsically valuable or not. When the goal was to hit the target, however, throwing performance was unbiased.


This work is a preprint that has been provided to PubMed Central courtesy of Springer Verlag and the Psychonomic Society.

The final publication version can be freely accessed courtesy of Springer Nature's SharedIt service.

Included in

Psychology Commons