Jobs, Careers, And Callings: People's Relations To Their Work
Journal Of Research In Personality
We present evidence suggesting that most people see their work as either a Job (focus on financial rewards and necessity rather than pleasure or fulfillment; not a major positive part of life), a Career (focus on advancement), or a Calling (focus on enjoyment of fulfilling, socially useful work). Employees at two work sites (n = 196) with a wide range of occupations from clerical to professional were unambiguous in seeing their work primarily in terms of a Job, Career, or Calling. Differences in respondents' relations to their work could not be reduced to demographic or occupational differences; an homogenous subset of 24 college administrative assistants were, like the total sample of respondents, distributed evenly across Job, Career, and Calling. (C) 1997 Academic Press.
A. Wrzesniewski, C. McCauley, P. Rozin, and Barry Schwartz.
"Jobs, Careers, And Callings: People's Relations To Their Work".
Journal Of Research In Personality.