Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Published In

Encyclopedia Of Political Thought


Memory has always been the primary mode for the transmission of human knowledge and culture for human communities over the vast ages of human evolution, up to and including the development of written history. Oral and Indigenous peoples matched their images and speech to the contours and shapes of the places they shared with other natural, more-than-human, inhabitants, and they recounted events in poems and songs, sagas and epics, stories and legends, myths and rituals, which they remembered and retold for countless generations. Even written history comes directly from memory, to be written and codified, rationalized and abstracted into alphabetic languages that reference human singularity and consciousness, all first registered in some particular mind, some particular document.


identity, soul, space, time, western civilization

Published By

John Wiley & Sons


M. T. Gibbons

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