The Pacific Basin Versus The Atlantic Alliance: 2 Paradigms Of International-Relations

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Annals Of The American Academy Of Political And Social Science


For many years, the study of international economy and international security, two fields of international relations, has been based respectively upon the two concepts of international liberalism and extended deterrence. Both concepts developed out of the conditions of the Atlantic/European arena after World War II; together they form the Atlantic Alliance paradigm. This paradigm poorly fits the Pacific/Asian world. In regard to the international economy, the East Asian states are adherents not of international liberalism but of international mercantilism. In regard to international security, they are cases not of extended deterrence but of finite deterrence. Together, these concepts form the Pacific Basin paradigm. The 1990s will be a period of conflict between these two international relations paradigms, the declining one of the United States and the American half century and the rising one of the East Asian powers and the future.

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