Many agencies of the United States Government with nominally "domestic" mandates play important roles in international affairs, and collaborate extensively with other governments and international organizations in the performance of their tasks. In some areas, these agencies rather than intergovernmental organizations play key management roles. Data gathered from a variety of sources indicate the extensiveness of this involvement, and suggest that it continues to expand, although not in linear fashion. Certain trends in governmental reorganization, such as those in the Agriculture Department, suggest similar patterns to those observed in business firms as they become more heavily involved abroad. More attention needs to be paid to international networks involving "domestic" governmental bureaucracies and governmental agencies traditionally oriented toward international affairs. From a conceptual point of view, we should think of "international organization" as including not only formally intergovernmental organizations, but all officials who participate significantly in these networks.
Raymond F. Hopkins.
"The International Role Of "Domestic" Bureaucracy".