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The Astronomical Journal


We present the discoveries of KELT-25 b (TIC 65412605, TOI-626.01) and KELT-26 b (TIC 160708862, TOI-1337.01), two transiting companions orbiting relatively bright, early A stars. The transit signals were initially detected by the KELT survey and subsequently confirmed by Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) photometry. KELT-25 b is on a 4.40 day orbit around the V = 9.66 star CD-24 5016 (${T}_{\mathrm{eff}}={8280}_{-180}^{+440}$ K, Msstarf = ${2.18}_{-0.11}^{+0.12}$ M⊙), while KELT-26 b is on a 3.34 day orbit around the V = 9.95 star HD 134004 (${T}_{\mathrm{eff}}$ = ${8640}_{-240}^{+500}$K, Msstarf = ${1.93}_{-0.16}^{+0.14}$M⊙), which is likely an Am star. We have confirmed the substellar nature of both companions through detailed characterization of each system using ground-based and TESS photometry, radial velocity measurements, Doppler tomography, and high-resolution imaging. For KELT-25, we determine a companion radius of RP = ${1.64}_{-0.043}^{+0.039}$RJ and a 3σ upper limit on the companion's mass of ~64 MJ. For KELT-26 b, we infer a planetary mass and radius of MP = ${1.41}_{-0.51}^{+0.43}$${M}_{{\rm{J}}}$and RP = ${1.94}_{-0.058}^{+0.060}$RJ. From Doppler tomographic observations, we find KELT-26 b to reside in a highly misaligned orbit. This conclusion is weakly corroborated by a subtle asymmetry in the transit light curve from the TESS data. KELT-25 b appears to be in a well-aligned, prograde orbit, and the system is likely a member of the cluster Theia 449.


Exoplanet astronomy, Transit photometry, Radial velocity

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


This work is freely available under a Creative Commons license.