High-Density Regular Arrays Of Nanometer-Scale Rods Formed On Silicon Surfaces Via Femtosecond Laser Irradiation In Water
We report on the formation of high-density regular arrays of nanometer-scale rods using femtosecond laser irradiation of a silicon surface immersed in water. The resulting surface exhibits both micrometer-scale and nanometer-scale structures. The micrometer-scale structure consists of spikes of 5−10 μm width, which are entirely covered by nanometer-scale rods that are roughly 50 nm wide and normal to the surface of the micrometer-scale spikes. The formation of the nanometer-scale rods involves several processes: refraction of laser light in highly excited silicon, interference of scattered and refracted light, rapid cooling in water, roughness-enhanced optical absorptance, and capillary instabilities.
M. Y. Shen et al.
"High-Density Regular Arrays Of Nanometer-Scale Rods Formed On Silicon Surfaces Via Femtosecond Laser Irradiation In Water".