Physical Review Letters
A nonaxisymmetric stable magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium within a prolate cylindrical conducting boundary has been produced experimentally. It has m=1 azimuthal symmetry, helical distortion, and flat lambda profile, all in agreement with the computed magnetically relaxed minimum magnetic energy Taylor state. Despite varied initial conditions determined by two helicity injectors on the device, this same equilibrium consistently emerges as the final state. These results therefore describe a new example of self-organization in an MHD plasma.
C. D. Cothran; Michael R. Brown; Timothy G. Gray , '01; M. J. Schaffer; and G. Marklin.
"Observation Of A Helical Self-Organized State In A Compact Toroidal Plasma".
Physical Review Letters.