Journal Of Artificial Societies And Social Simulation
One approach to characterizing the elusive notion of emergence is to define that a property is emergent if and only if its presence can be derived but only by simulation. In this paper I investigate the pros and cons of this approach, focusing in particular on whether an appropriately distinct boundary can be drawn between simulation-based and non-simulation-based methods. I also examine the implications of this definition for the epistemological role of emergent properties in prediction and in explanation.
Emergence, Simulation, Explanation
Alan Richard Baker.
"Simulation-Based Definitions Of Emergence".
Journal Of Artificial Societies And Social Simulation.