As Formas Nas Quais As Ciências São E Não São Livre De Valores

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The Ways In Which The Sciences Are And Are Not Value Free

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The idea that science is value free is well captured by the thesis: Impartiality, neutrality and autonomy are, and ought to be, constitutive values of scientific practices and institutions. Impartiality affirms that theories should be accepted in the light of criteria that are completely distinct from commitments with respect to social and moral values; neutrality that applications of established theories do not especially favor any particular value perspectives; and autonomy that social and moral values have no place within scientific methodology, and that science should be conducted free from interference derived from value commitments. These three ideas, and their presuppositions, are analyzed in detail - enabling us to explore fruitfully the ways in which the sciences are and are not value free.