## Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Works

Article

2019

#### Published In

SIAM Journal On Matrix Analysis And Applications

#### Abstract

Let $\mathcal A = \{A_{ij} \}_{i, j \in \mathcal I}$, where $\mathcal I$ is an index set, be a doubly indexed family of matrices, where $A_{ij}$ is $n_i \times n_j$. For each $i \in \mathcal I$, let $\mathcal V_i$ be an $n_i$-dimensional vector space. We say $\mathcal A$ is reducible in the coupled sense if there exist subspaces, $\mathcal U_i \subseteq \mathcal V_i$, with $\mathcal U_i \neq \{0\}$ for at least one $i \in \mathcal I$, and $\mathcal U_i \neq \mathcal V_i$ for at least one $i$, such that $A_{ij} (\mathcal U_j) \subseteq \mathcal U_i$ for all $i, j$. Let $\mathcal B = \{B_{ij} \}_{i, j \in \mathcal I}$ also be a doubly indexed family of matrices, where $B_{ij}$ is $m_i \times m_j$. For each $i \in \mathcal I$, let $X_i$ be a matrix of size $n_i \times m_i$. Suppose $A_{ij} X_j = X_i B_{ij}$ for all $i, j$. We prove versions of Schur's lemma for $\mathcal A, \mathcal B$ satisfying coupled irreducibility conditions. We also consider a refinement of Schur's lemma for sets of normal matrices and prove corresponding versions for $\mathcal A, \mathcal B$ satisfying coupled normality and coupled irreducibility conditions.