Hermitian Pencils With A Cubic Minimal Polynomial
Linear Algebra And Its Applications
Let A be an n × n complex matrix and write A = H + iK, where H and K are Hermitian matrices. We show that if the minimal polynomial of the pencil xH + yK has degree 3, then there is a unitary matrix U such that U⁻¹AU is block diagonal with blocks of size 3 × 3 or smaller. This is a special case of a conjecture made by Kippenhahn in 1951.
"Hermitian Pencils With A Cubic Minimal Polynomial".
Linear Algebra And Its Applications.