The receptive field structure ubiquitous in the visual system is believed to play a crucial role in encoding stimulus characteristics, such as contrast and spectral composition. However, receptive field architecture may also result in unforeseen difficulties in processing particular classes of images. We explore the potential functional benefits and shortcomings of localization and center-surround paradigms in the context of an integrate-and-fire neuronal network model. Utilizing the sparsity of natural scenes, we derive a compressive-sensing based theoretical framework for network input reconstructions based on neuronal firing rate dynamics [1, 2]. This formalism underlines a potential mechanism for efficiently transmitting sparse stimulus information, and further suggests sensory pathways may have evolved to take advantage of the sparsity of visual stimuli [3, 4]. Using this methodology, we investigate how the accuracy of image encoding depends on the network architecture. We demonstrate that the receptive field structure does indeed facilitate marked improvements in natural stimulus encoding at the price of yielding erroneous information about specific classes of stimuli. Relative to uniformly random sampling, we show that localized random sampling yields robust improvements in image reconstructions, which are most pronounced for natural stimuli containing a relatively large spread of dominant low frequency components. This suggests a novel direction for compressive sensing theory and sampling methodology in engineered devices. However, for images with specific gray-scale patterning, such as the Hermann grid depicted in Fig. 1, we show that localization in sampling produces systematic errors in image encoding that may underlie several optical illusions. We expect that these connections between input characteristics, network topology, and neuronal dynamics will give new insights into the structure-function relationship of the visual system.
26th Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting
July 15-20, 2017
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Victor J. Barranca and George Zhu , '17.
"The Role Of The Receptive Field Structure In Neuronal Compressive Sensing Signal Processing".
Issue Suppl. 1.