Journal Of Japanese Studies
This article examines Hayashi Fumiko's novel "Hōrōki" (Diary of a vagabond) as a personal and historical narrative of Japanese modernity. Arguing for an acknowledgment of "Hōrōki" as a modernist work, it analyzes how Hayashi positions her work with regard to the developing idea of mass culture. Through a consideration of the early mass cultural forms recorded in Hayashi's narrative, it shows how gender and regional identity contribute to the formation of a mass subject who retains the prospect of critical agency.
William O. Gardner.
"Mongrel Modernism: Hayashi Fumiko's Horoki And Mass Culture".
Journal Of Japanese Studies.