Mongrel Modernism: Hayashi Fumiko's Horoki And Mass Culture

Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 2003

Published In

Journal Of Japanese Studies


This article examines Hayashi Fumiko's novel "Hōrōki" (Diary of a vagabond) as a personal and historical narrative of Japanese modernity. Arguing for an acknowledgment of "Hōrōki" as a modernist work, it analyzes how Hayashi positions her work with regard to the developing idea of mass culture. Through a consideration of the early mass cultural forms recorded in Hayashi's narrative, it shows how gender and regional identity contribute to the formation of a mass subject who retains the prospect of critical agency.

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