Document Type

Lesson Plan

Publication Date

Spring 2014


Suitable for high school and college and university classes. Developed by a Swarthmore College student, Adriana Obiols Roca, with feedback from Professor Peter Schmidt, as a final assignment in English 71D, "The Short Story in the U.S.," spring 2014.

Learning Objectives. Students will: understand the differences between direct and indirect characterization and be able to identify examples of each; understand the uses of irony and foreshadowing in the story as well as more generally in literature; become acquainted with Flannery O’Connor and her writing style, particularly with her use of the grotesque; explore the complexity of the themes present in the story and the characters O’Connor has created, especially the Misfit and the grandmother; exercise a variety of critical thinking and analytical skills in order to form ideas and opinions about O'Connor's story and her writing strategies; practice reading comprehension and summarization; employ and practice writing skills in an essay assignment.


American literature, contemporary literature, Flannery O'Connor, short story, post-1945 U.S. literatures

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License