Investigating Magnetically Aligned Phospholipid Bilayers With EPR Spectroscopy At 94 GHz

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Journal Of Magnetic Resonance


In this paper, we report our initial results on studying magnetically aligned phospholipid bilayers (bicelles) at high magnetic fields (similar to3.4 T) with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy at 95 GHz (W-band). In order to characterize this system for W-band EPR studies, we have utilized the nitroxide spin probe 3 beta -doxyl-5 alpha -cholestane to demonstrate the effects of macroscopic bilayer alignment. At W-band due to the increase in magnetic field strength (when compared to X-band studies at 9.5 GHz) (S. M. Garber et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 3240-3241 (1999)), we were able to examine magnetically aligned phospholipid bilayers at two orientations with the bilayer normal oriented either perpendicular or parallel (upon addition of YbCl3) with respect to the direction of the static magnetic field. Additionally, at a magnetic field of 3.4 T (g = 2 resonance at W-band), we were able to study the parallel alignment with a lower concentration of Yb3+, thereby eliminating the possible unwanted effects associated with lanthanide-protein interactions and paramagnetic shifts and/or line broadening induced by the lanthanide ions. The development of this new spin label alignment technique will open up a whole new area of investigation or phospholipid bilayer systems and membrane protein EPR studies at high magnetic fields. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

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