Biodiversity Response To Habitat Loss And Fragmentation

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Published In

Reference Module In Earth Systems And Environmental Sciences


Humans have altered large areas of the Earth surface, fragmenting most of the Earth's native vegetation into patches separated by a matrix of land converted to a variety of anthropogenic land-uses. This longstanding, intense, and global process of native vegetation conversion has created a social demand for scientific support for mitigating the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on biodiversity. Here, we present key definitions and synthesize the processes underlying the effect of habitat loss and fragmentation, what we know and what is needed to advance our understanding on habitat loss and fragmentation effects, and how to mitigate them.


Anthropogenic threats, Applied ecology, Biological diversity, Biotic homogenization, Conservation biology, Edge effects, Habitat amount, Habitat configuration, Habitat degradation, Habitat fragmentation, Habitat loss, Human disturbances, Human-modified landscapes, Island Biogeographic Theory, Landscape context, Landscape ecology, Landscape structure, Land-use change, Matrix effects, Species extinction

Published By



S. A. Elias

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