Title

Altered States: Undergraduate-Driven EEG/ERP Research On Attention, Cognition, And Emotion

Document Type

Presentation

Publication Date

9-1-2016

Published In

Psychophysiology

Abstract

We used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to study the effects of a short meditation session on attention in healthy young adults. Participants were randomly assigned to either listen to a 10-min audio-guided meditation or a matched control, then completed the attention network task (ANT), which tests three attentional networks including alerting, orienting, and executive control. Following meditation participants were on average faster on the ANT than were control participants, regardless of cue type (i.e., center, double, no cue, spatial) or trial type (i.e., incongruent, congruent, neutral); importantly, there were no differences in accuracy between the meditation and control groups. Within the meditation group, larger P3b components were associated with reduced response times on incongruent trials, suggesting that greater resource allocation on trials that require behavioral inhibition results in faster RTs following meditation. There was no relationship between P3bs and RTs in the control group.

Conference

Fifty-Fifth Annual Meeting Of The Society For Psychophysiological Research

Conference Dates

September 30 - October 4, 2015

Conference Location

Seattle, Washington

Comments

Daniel R. Creem '16, L. Sikos, and Catherine J. Norris presented on "Brief Meditation Increases Resource Allocation And Improves Performance On The Ant" as a part of the "Altered States" panel discussion.

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