Hacia Una Psicología Postmodernay Postoccidental
Psychological inquiry must necessarily proceed on the basis of assumptions for which there are no foundations. Such assumptions frame both the problems to be solved and the means by which they are to be approached. For the most part, 20th century psychology has been based on the presumptions of individual rationality, a rationally ordered cosmos, and language as a vehicle for reflecting this cosmos. However, a broad array of recent scholarship has challenged this, the modernist conception of the field. Postmodern arguments shift the center of rationality from the individual to relationships, see the cosmos as a socially constructed, and view language not as reflection but action in itself. The implications for psychological theory, method, and social action within and across cultures is examined.
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Kenneth J. Gergen.
"Towards A Postmodern And Post-Western Psychology".