Title

Parallelizing Neural Network Training For Cluster Systems

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

2008

Published In

Proceedings Of The IASTED International Conference On Parallel And Distributed Computing And Networks

Abstract

We present a technique for parallelizing the training of neural networks. Our technique is designed for parallelization on a cluster of workstations. To take advantage of parallelization on clusters, a solution must account for the higher network latencies and lower bandwidths of clusters as compared to custom parallel architectures. Parallelization approaches that may work well on special purpose parallel hardware, such as distributing the neurons of the neural network across processors, are not likely to work well on cluster systems because communication costs to process a single training pattern are too prohibitive. Our solution, Pattern Parallel Training, duplicates the full neural network at each cluster node. Each cooperating process in the cluster trains the neural network on a subset of the training set each epoch. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by implementing and testing an MPI version of Pattern Parallel Training for the eight bit parity problem. Our results show a significant speed-up in training time as compared to sequential training. In addition, we analyze the communication costs of our technique and discuss which types of common neural network problems would benefit most from our approach.

Keywords

Parallel Neural Network Training, Cluster

Published By

ACTA Press

Conference

PDCN 2008: IASTED International Conference On Parallel And Distributed Computing And Networks

Conference Dates

February 12-14, 2008

Conference Location

Innsbruck, Austria